The IDF M51 Sherman: A Historical Overview

The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) M51 Sherman, also known as the Super Sherman, represents a significant chapter in military vehicle history. Developed in the 1950s, this upgraded variant of the World War II-era M4 Sherman tank was adapted by the Israeli military to meet the specific challenges of the modern battlefield.

Upgrades and Modifications

The M51 Sherman underwent extensive modifications, including the installation of a more powerful French 105mm CN 105 F1 gun, a larger turret to accommodate the new weapon, and an upgraded engine for improved performance. These enhancements significantly increased its firepower and mobility, making it a formidable opponent against contemporary armored threats.

Operational History

The M51 Sherman saw extensive action in several conflicts, most notably during the Six-Day War in 1967 and the Yom Kippur War in 1973. Its performance in these conflicts demonstrated the effectiveness of the upgrades, contributing to its reputation as a reliable and powerful combat vehicle.


Despite being phased out of active service, the M51 Sherman remains a symbol of innovation and adaptability in armored vehicle design. It serves as a testament to the IDF's ingenuity in maximizing the capabilities of existing resources to meet the demands of modern warfare.